Secondary School Students’ Views on Global Warming



Science education,, Human and environment, Global warming, Secondary school students


The purpose of the current study is to investigate middle school 5th – 8th grade students’ views of global warming. The participants of the research consisted of 33 volunteer students studying at 9 public schools in the city center of Mus in the first semester of the 2021-2022 academic year. In this research, a qualitative approach was adopted, and phenomenology design was used as the study design. The data of the research were collected through semi-structured interviews with students. MAXQDA qualitative analysis program and content analysis method was used to evaluate the answers of the students. As a result, most of the participants believed that the causes of global warming are fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, environmental pollution, unconscious consumption. The participants considered the effects of global warming as climate change, drought, disruption of the ecosystem, extinction of some living species, melting of glaciers. The participants made suggestions to prevent global warming such as keep the environment clean, avoid overconsumption, afforestation activities recycling, not using deodorant/to use less, raise awareness with families/friends, caring for all living things, preferring cycling, renewable energy, installing filters on factory chimneys, use of environmentally friendly means of transport, government regulation, protecting nature, renewable energy production, use of public transportation, manufacturing electric cars, activities for raising awareness. Moreover, It was determined that most of the students were worried about this issue, some of them were upset, and some of them were alarmed. In light of all these findings, some suggestions are made.


Akgün, A., Duruk, Ü. & Tokur, F. (2017). Investigation of the field trip methods’ effectiveness: as a way of improving preservice teachers’ views on environmental education. Route Educational and Social Science Journal, 4(2), 65-82.

Aksan, Z. (2011). Pre-service elementary teacher’ perceptions and opinions about global warming (Master Thesis). Ondokuz Mayıs University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Samsun.

Aksan, Z. & Çelikler, D. (2013). Pre-service elementary teachers’ opinions about global warming. Eskişehir Osmangazi University Journal of Social Sciences, 14(1), 49-67.

Aksan, Z. & Çelikler, D. (2015). PRE-service elementary teachers’ perceptions and opinions about combating global warming, Journal of Academic Review, 48, 207-222.

Atik, A. & Doğan, Y. (2019). High school students’ views on global climate change. Academy Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(1), 84-100.

Ay, F. & Yalçın Erik, N. (2020). Knowledge and perception levels of university students towards global warming and climate change. Sivas Cumhuriyet University Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2), 1-18.

Aydın, F. (2014). Determination of Knowledge Level of High School Students on Global Warming Subject. Turkish Journal of Education, 3(4), 15-27.

Aydın, F. (2017). Determination of knowledge level of high school students on global warming subject. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 1(1), 118-132.

Ayvacı, H. Ş. & Çoruhlu, T. Ş. (2009). A developmental study to determine students' views on global environmental problems and misconceptions. HAYEF Journal of Education, 2(12), 11-25.

Boyes, E., & Stanisstreet, M. (1992). Students’ perceptions of global warming. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 42(4), 287-300.

Bozdoğan, A. E. & Yanar, O. (2010). Prospective elementary teachers’ perceptions on the effect of global warming in the next century. The Black Sea Journal of Sciences, 1(2), 48-60.

Daniel, B., Stanisstreet, M. & Boyes, E. (2004). How Can We Best Reduce Global Warming? School Students’ Ideas And Misconceptions. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 61(2), 211-222.

Darçın, E.S., Bozkurt, O., Hamalosmanoğlu, M. & Köse, S. (2006). Determination of knowledge levels and misconceptions of primary school students about greenhouse effect. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 1(2), 104-115.

Davey, L. (2009). The application of case study evaluations. (Çev: Tuba Gökçek). Elementary Educatıon Online, 8(2), 1-3.

Djurayeva, D., Sharipov, A., Komiljanov, S., & Xursanaliyev, S. (2023). Environmental Problems and Ways to Solve Them. Международная конференция академических наук, 2 (5).

Durkaya, B. & Durkaya, A. (2018). Global warming awareness “Sample of Bartın university students”, Bartın University Journal of Forestry Faculty, 20(1), 128-144.

Emli, Z. & Afacan, Ö. (2017). The mental models of secondary school 7th class students about global warming. HAYEF Journal of Education, 14-1(27), 139-153.

Eroğlu, B. & Aydoğdu, M. (2016). Determination of pre-service science teachers’ knowledge level about global warming. Uludağ University Journal of Education, 29(2), 345-374.

Giddens, A. (1990). The Consequences of Modernity, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity. Self and Society in the Late Modern Age, Polity Press, Cambridge.

IPCC (2007). IPCC WG II, Fourth assessment report (2007) Climate chance 2007: Climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability.[Online]:

Kılıçoğlu, G., & Akkaya Yılmaz, M. (2021). Opinions of secondary school students on global warming. Journal of Global Health & Natural Sciences, 4(2), 102-112.

Kılınç, A., Stanisstreet, M., & Boyes, E. (2008). Turkish students’ ideas about global warming. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 3(2), 89-98.

Koca, E. (2019). Opinions of eight class students and science teachers about global warming (Master Thesis). Erciyes University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Kayseri.

Mahanoğlu, S. (2019). Investigation of middle school students’ knowledge and perceptions of global warming (Master Thesis). Aksaray University, Institute of Science, Aksaray

Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qali1tative research (Second edition). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Öncül, H. (2010). The rural area primary school seventh grade students' perception related to global warming and climate changes (Master Thesis). Celal Bayar University, Institute of Social Sciences, Manisa.

Özcan, H. & Demirel, R. (2019). Exploring middle school students' cognitive structures about environmental problems through their drawings. Başkent University Journal of Education, 6(1), 68-83.

Sever, D. (2013). Science Teacher candidates’ thoughts about global warming studying in Turkey and United Kingdom. Elementary Education Online, 12(4), 1212-1221.

Tuncer, G., Ertepınar, H., Tekkaya, C. & Sungur, S., (2005). Environmental attitudes of young people in Turkey: Effects of school type and gender. Environmental Education Research 11(2), 215-233.

Uzun, N. ve Sağlam, N. (2006). Development and validation of environmental attitude scale for secondary school students, Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 30, 240-250.

Venkataramanan, M. & Smitha. (2011). Causes and effects of global warming. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 4 (3), 226-229.

Yalçın, F. (2010). A study on determining the misconceptions and level of knowledge in global warming and greenhouse effect of the primary school students (Master Thesis). Gazi University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.

Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2013). Qualitative research methods in social sciences. Ankara: Seçkin Publishing.




How to Cite

Çavdar, O. (2023). Secondary School Students’ Views on Global Warming. Journal of STEM Teacher Institutes, 3(2), 34–56. Retrieved from